Very good article, thanks!
What is indirect discourse?
Indirect discourse is “a combination of a character’s thoughts and the author’s words. In the case of indirect discourse, you don’t need italics.”
The above words were written in an e-mail to me by Mark Spencer, Dean of the School of Arts and Humanities at the University of Arkansas at Monticello. Professor Spencer teaches in UAM’s MFA program in creative writing. His fiction and non-fiction works have received numerous awards.
Indirect discourse is third-person POV, but more intimate
I briefly defined the types of POV (points of view) in my earlier article N is for Narrator.
Indirect discourse is a form of third-person limited narration that moves in and out of a character’s mind.
It has the advantage of bringing the reader into the character’s (protagonist’s) head without the use of first-person POV. This technique provides information about what the protagonist thinks or knows…
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